Storage systems are vital parts and/or a peripheral element of each video surveillance tape-recording option and are divided into 2 primary categories: external and internal. Internal storage is usually a set of hard drives which are readily available in various capacities and technical specs. Examples of external storages are detachable flash disks, portable HDDs, etc. In all of the storage units the interface plays an essential function due to its functionality as the entrance of all of the data transferred in between the storage unit and the recorder. The speed and performance of the information interface can be the efficiency bottleneck of the recording option and may determine the optimum devices that the recorder can optimally support. The ATA user interface has been initially established for the desktop PC’s internal HDDs, while (SCSI) Small Computer System Interface has been developed for servers and big scale storage systems. Due to require for transfer of high speed data, hard drive interfaces are shifting from parallel transmission to serial transmission. For example, Serial Attached SCSI (SAS) shall replace Fiber Channel (FC), Parallel SCSI and, Serial ATA (SATA) will change Parallel ATA This report explains the features of the main interfaces associated with storage systems. The application of several interfaces in video surveillance is studied and the best choice for video recorders is discussed. At the end of the report, a comparative research study is presented.


SCSI, meaning Small Computer System Interface, is a parallel user interface requirement used mostly for high speed hard drives. It supports faster information transfer rates than the IDE storage user interface. Because in this technology numerous SCSI hard drives can be linked to single SCSI user interface, it is truly an I/O bus instead of simply a user interface. Although SCSI has actually been popular in the past, today numerous users are switching to SATA drives.


ATA (likewise referred to as IDE) stands for Advanced Technology Attachment which is used to connect disk drive, CD-ROM drives and similar peripherals to computer systems. The very first ATA interface is now frequently referred as PATA (parallel ATA), working based upon parallel transmission. It provides a transfer rate of 133 Mb/s.

SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment).

SATA or serial ATA is a basic difficult disk interface invented to change the parallel ATA (PATA). Given that in parallel transmission, several bits are sent out at the exact same time, it appears this approach is much better than serial transmission in regards to speed, however noise issue occurs in parallel transmission. Since lots of wires need to be used (one for each bit to be sent), one wire generates interference in another. This is the main drawback of parallel transmissions like PATA. On the other hand, serial transmission utilizes just one wire to transfer data, so it is more effectiveness versus noise.

SATA was established to serialize the parallel ATA interface which transfers data in a serial mode. It is a very basic user interface which supports only indicate point connection. Because in SATA at least 8 bits per clock cycle will be sent, it is eight times much faster than serial transmission where just one bit is transferred per clock.

Actually, greater clock rate can be utilized on serial transmission, hence, moving in extremely high clock rates results in higher transfer rate compared with parallel transmission. SATA provides a transfer rate of 1.5 Gb/s.

Another benefit of serial transmission is less wires require to be utilized. Parallel ports use 40 pin adapter and 80 wire cable televisions, while SATA ports use 7 pin port and 7 wire cables. So, utilizing thinner cable televisions makes airflow inside the PC case just.


SCSI is gradually evolved into SAS or serial accessory SCSI. SAS is a point-to-point serial user interface where controllers are connected straight to disk drives. Its full-duplex signal transmission supports 3.0 Gb/s. Utilizing SAS, numerous gadgets (up to 128) will be enable to link simultaneously with thinner and longer cables, validating its supremacy over the traditional SCSI.


External Serial Advanced Technology Attachment or eSATA is a SATA interface variation that supports external storage gadgets. It takes on FireWire 400 and universal serial bus (USB) 2.0 to provide quick data transfer speeds. eSATA enhances the speed of SATA in regards to outside storage. Its transfer rate reaches a minimum of to triple the rate of USB 2.0 and FireWire 400, although it has one disadvantage. eSATA needs its own power connector, unlike the other interfaces, indicating that an added USB cable television is needed to supply energy.

It utilizes the very same pins and the very same method as internal SATA, therefore eSATA drives offers the very same high speed data transfer rate. ESATA can support the cable length of two meters compared to the one meter supported by SATA.

It deserves mentioning that unlike Firewire interfaces and USB, eSATA does not need to equate information between the user interface and also the computer, this boosts data move speed, likewise you do not require additional chip. Given that eSATA offers such fast transfer rates, it has been a popular external tough drive user interface utilized by video editors, audio producers, and other media specialists.

While eSATA is among the fastest interfaces, it is surpassed by both Thunderbolt (10 Gbps) and Thunderbolt 2.0 (20 Gbps), which are alternatives to eSATA.

Why SATA is exceptional in video surveillance?

In video surveillance, simply achieving the required storage capacity is inadequate. Maintaining information stability during transmission as well as error correction functions is likewise required. Parallel ATA drives deliver admirable operation in these jobs and now SATA drives are raising surveillance storage efficiency even higher. The SATA user interface has actually provided important benefits in really big scale innovation (VLSI) and high-speed serial transmission, allowing SATA drives to provide an unsurpassable blend of efficiency, flexibility, data stability and dependability.

In NVR or DVR hard drives are linked to SATA connector on motherboard by means of SATA interface cable. It must be pointed out that each SATA interface can support given hard disk capacity.

There are 2 major advantages for SATA which motivate user to use SATA in video surveillance. SATA has revealed its supremacy in RAID operations due to the fact that all connections are point-to-point and the design is not complicated. Likewise, since RAID controllers are designed for larger numbers of disk drive, they can only be connected utilizing the SATA seven-wire interface on a backplane. This would be impossible by means of parallel ATA by 80-wire busses. The amount of SATA interface determines how lots of hard disks can be connected to NVR for video storage. By choosing the NVR with as numerous SATA interfaces as possible, you can connect numerous hard disks for video storage. If users have actually restricted option for this, extending the video storage via its eSATA user interface is possible. The eSATA allows NVR to achieve endless video storage area.

According to the pointed out, using SATA drives in surveillance storage have actually been enhanced greatly and SATA user interface is an outstanding choice for high storage in video surveillance application, unquestionably.

If numerous digital recorder systems are linked to one or more RAID systems, fiber channel optical cables are used as the interfaces. Because the connections end up being more flexible and connection is possible over a longer distance. On the other hand, if each digital recorder system has its own RAID system, SCSI cables can be used as well.

The advantages of SATA II.

Due to the some functions provided in this area, SATA II makes SATA more suitable for long-lasting storage in video surveillance.

– Port multipliers.

Port Multipliers increase the number of SATA devices which can be linked to a single controller, while minimizing the amount of cable televisions needed to link a selection of SATA gadgets.

– Port selectors.

Due to this feature 2 hosts can connect to one drive. For that reason, if one of the hosts fails, the 2nd host will work as a spare, so that access to the storage is preserved. This kind of redundancy is vital for video surveillance.

– Native command queuing.

Native command queening is a function to improve the hard disk performance by reordering the commands sent by the computer to the hard disk drive. Naturally Commands will reach a disk to read or compose from different areas on the disk. By using SATA I, commands are performed in the order they arrived, while with SATA II drives, an algorithm is utilized to figure out the most efficient order to carry out commands. This feature enhances systems efficiency in regards to information transfer speed.

Comparing eSATA with USB.3.

Universal serial bus (USB), FireWire and eSATA are the most common methods to connect the external storage devices to your computer. USB 1 can only communicate with printers, mic and keyboards, while utilizing USB 2, linking to peripherals that saved information is possible like media players, USB flashes and external hard drives. Its transfer rate is 480 Mb/s.

The USB.3 port as the fastest port among Universal Serial Bus user interfaces are typically colored blue in new PCs (not always) to distinguish them from older variation USB 2.0 ports.

The transfer rate of USB 3.0 is 5 Gb/s, although this throughput is never ever exactly achieved. Given that many devices themselves are not able to reach to that level of throughput, like spinning hard drives.

eSATA has likewise been thought about as a professional user interface, because it has actually been designed to deal with difficult drives mostly. This is an advantage of eSATA compared to USB, given that USB needs to be suitable with other functions like mouse, keyboard, charging, and so on. Using eSATA, PC’s motherboard just deals with one drive at a time, while with USB, it deals with numerous devices simultaneously.

eSATA was the fastest interface (1.5 to 6 Gb/s) on PCs, prior to the appearance of USB 3.0 and thunderbolt (10 Gb/s). It is worth pointing out that the checked out speed of eSATA is the half of USB 3.0, while compose speed in eSATA is two times faster than USB 3.0.

Lastly, if data is being moved from PC to PC, USB 3.0 is more beneficial than eSATA undoubtedly, due to its high speed. If you deal with storage alone, particularly for jobs connected to a single PC, then eSATA is a winner. It might be faster, even in the cases that other multiple USB drives linked to the PC at the very same time. So, eSATA interfaces are more typical in TV video recorders.


The requirement for enhanced bandwidth, high speed data transfer and expediency in storage systems, made user interfaces to convert from parallel transmission method to serial transmission. Hence, the SATA and SAS interfaces was developed to achieve faster transfer rate. Due to RAID technology and numerous disk drive in video recorders, SATA interface is a legitimate option for this industry. Considering that linking numerous difficult disks to backplane is possible easily.